November 30, 2023

The biennial United Nations Climate Change Conference is always surrounded by excitement. It is assumed that each Conference of the Parties (COP) is an important gathering. Success is usually gauged by the opulence of fresh promises, with the host nation gloating over any significant commitments.

COP 28 Meaning

  • As per COP 28 meaning, the annual United Nations Climate Change Conference is often referred to as the Conference of the Parties, or COP for short. The 28th conference of world leaders to discuss combating climate change is happening this year.
  • The primary objective of COP is to persuade parties to concur on further measures that will be promised in a final treaty.

COP 28 Will be Held in Which Country?

  • At the 28th annual United Nations (UN) climate conference, known as COP28, governments will talk about limiting climate change and preparing for it in the future.
  • The major question arises, that COP 28 will be held in which country? The answer is that the COP 28 summit is scheduled to take place in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE), from November 30, 2023, to December 12, 2023.
  • The countries that ratified the first United Nations climate pact in 1992 are referred to as the “parties” in the acronym COP, which stands for Conference of the Parties.

COP 28: Challenges to be Faced

  • The anticipated establishment of a fund to reimburse developing nations for losses and damages brought on by climate change will be a significant test.
  • At COP27, governments decided to create a fund with the intention of launching it in Dubai.
  • However, negotiations have grown challenging because affluent nations are unwilling to accommodate the needs of developing nations, and there are disagreements over who should foot the bill.

COP 28 Summit: Its Importance

  • The objective is that COP28 will contribute to maintaining the target of keeping long-term global temperature increases to 1.5C. In Paris in 2015, around 200 nations came to an agreement on this.
  • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the UN’s climate body, states that the 1.5C target is essential to preventing the worst effects of climate change.
  • The latest estimate of long-term warming is between 1.1 and 1.2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, which is the time before the widespread use of fossil fuels by humans.

COP 28: The Most Expected Striking Points

  • Regarding the prospect of “unabated” fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and gas that are burned without the use of technologies to absorb their emissions, there is probably going to be controversy.
  • Mr. Sultan al-Jaber, the president of COP 28, has advocated for a “phase down” of their use, which would include a gradual decrease but not a total cessation. Nonetheless, a complete “phase out” is anticipated, supported by the European Union.
  • Climate activists point out that some production would be permitted to continue if agreements were limited to “unabated” fossil fuels. They assert that capturing emissions at scale is not guaranteed to be successful.
  • Richer countries agreed to pay poorer countries bearing the consequences of climate change through a “loss and damage” fund at COP27.
  • However, it’s yet unclear how precisely this will operate. For example, the US has said that it will not make up any of its past emissions through climate reparations.
  • Developed nations pledged in 2009 to provide developing nations with $100 billion (£82 billion) year by 2020 in order to aid with emissions reduction and climate change preparation.
  • Although the goal was not met, it is anticipated to be done in 2023.

COP 28: Will it Meet the Expectations?

  • Greta Thunberg, a campaigner, is among those who criticize past COPs for “greenwashing,” a term used to describe how nations and corporations tout their commitment to combating climate change without actually implementing the necessary reforms.
  • However, the summits present an opportunity for international accords that surpass national policies.
  • For instance, the UN claims that “near-universal climate action” has been spurred by the 1.5C temperature limit that was agreed upon at COP21 in Paris.

The globe will come together at COP 28 to present workable solutions to the climate crisis and to take concrete action. Collaboration between governments, businesses, civil society, and other sectors is necessary to achieve this.

The COP28 in Dubai is anticipated to be an important milestone in the global battle against the effects of climate change. World leaders are coming together to talk about the urgent problems brought on by the effects of global warming, and this meeting provides a unique chance for nations to put aside their disagreements and cooperate to create a future that is environmentally friendly. Not only will the results of COP28 influence the course of climate action, but they will also affect the welfare of present and future generations.

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