May 28, 2024


The issue of gender disparity in India is complicated and has its roots in historical, cultural, as well as socioeconomic factors. Hundreds of thousands of women and girls’ lives have been influenced by disparities in gender, which endures in many ways despite significant advances in law and policy.

gender disparity

  • As per the gender disparity meaning, discrimination based on the gender or sexual orientation of an individual that results in one sex or gender being regularly given preference over another is known as gender disparity.
  • The fundamental human right to gender parity is violated by discrimination based on gender. The world over, gender disparity is currently restricting children’s potential for a lifetime and disproportionately affects girls. It begins in childhood.
  • While gender roles and settings differ from place to place throughout the world, it is evident that disparity in gender exists everywhere and at every stage of life, starting in childhood or even before birth.

examples of gender disparity

Due to social norms and practices that promote gender inequality, girls are more likely to experience child marriage, teenage pregnancy, domestic employment as children, inadequate health and education, sexual abuse, exploitation, and violence. Unless girls are given greater value, many of these manifestations will remain unchanged.

causes of gender inequality

  • Poverty: One of the main causes of India’s high levels of gender disparity is poverty. When it comes to choosing, male children are favored over female children in impoverished households since they lack the resources to nurture a child appropriately. As a result, female children are not given the required education, healthcare, or attention.
  • Unequal Educational Access: Women still lack the same access to education as men have on a global scale. Of the young women between the ages of 15 and 24, one-fourth have not completed their primary schooling. Out of all illiterate persons globally, women make up about two thirds. In India, parents would rather their male child attend school and help out around the house with household tasks.
  • Inadequate Health Care: Compared to men, women get less medical treatment. This explains why many postpartum mothers pass away. Diseases like autoimmune disorders and chronic pain issues that affect women less frequently than men are likewise the subject of less investigation.

effects of gender inequality

  • Gender inequality affects both men and women and can take many different forms. Domestic violence is one consequence of gender inequality in India. The COVID-19 pandemic caused a significant surge in Section 498A of the IPC, which is where the bulk (30.9%) of all 4.05 lakh cases of crime against women are reported, according to data from the National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) for 2019.
  • As was previously mentioned, because they are powerless over their bodies, women’s health continues to decline. Sex determination is contributing to decreased infant mortality rates in Rajasthan and Haryana and is one of the reasons why many females do not live to be 15 years old.
  • Although sex determination and sex-selective abortion are illegal in India, there have been several documented examples of women being coerced into having an abortion if the fetus is female.
  • Girls obtain subpar education as a result of gender inequality, which has an impact on their financial situation.
  • Because women are reluctant to engage in politics, problems like maternity health, childcare, and violence against women go neglected.

gender disparity in india

  • Gender-based deprivations are addressed and gender priorities in health, nutrition, education, child protection, WASH (Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene), social policy, and disaster risk reduction are committed to in UNICEF India’s 2018-2022 Country Programme.
  • These initiatives seek to end women inequality such as child marriage, decrease excess female mortality, encourage equitable eating habits, assist children who are not in school, manage menstrual hygiene better, create gender-responsive policies, and support women’s leadership and involvement in disaster risk reduction.
  • Providing girls with the resources, safety, education, and skills they need to minimize the hazards they encounter, allow for their complete development, and enable them to contribute to India’s progress is essential to empowering them. This requires focused investment and collaboration.
  • Programs specifically designed to support girls from vulnerable groups, including those with disabilities, that emphasize education, life skills, putting a stop to violence, and inclusivity can help them become more resilient. Lifelong opportunities can be created by long-term solutions created with and for females.


In order to empower females and lessen gender disparity in India, the government ought to offer them free higher education. In order to aid in their social integration into society, the government should also give them the chance to engage in active politics and social events. To stop sexism and abortions, it should create strict government regulations for gender equality in India.

In India, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have a big part to play in eradicating gender disparity. Policies that promote social welfare development ought to be implemented. The “Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao” program launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi may succeed if society’s perception of women shifts slightly on a small scale.

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