Rejection of Plaint

January 19, 2024

The legal process is a complex web of rules and procedures designed to ensure justice and fairness in resolving disputes. One crucial stage in civil litigation is the filing of a plaint, which initiates a legal action. However, not all plaints pass through this stage smoothly; some face rejection. The rejection of a plaint under the Civil Procedure Code (CPC) marks a significant hurdle in the legal journey and requires a comprehensive understanding.

The Concept of Rejection of Plaint:

Under the CPC, a plaint is the primary document that sets forth the plaintiff’s claim against the defendant. It contains essential details such as the parties’ names, facts constituting the cause of action, relief sought, and the court’s jurisdiction. However, a plaint might be rejected for various reasons if it fails to comply with the procedural requirements mandated by law.

Grounds for Rejection of Plaint:

Insufficiency or Non-compliance with Statutory Requirements:

A plaint must adhere to specific formalities prescribed under the CPC. Failure to include necessary details or not meeting procedural requirements can lead to rejection. For instance, improper stamping, lack of essential facts, or incorrect jurisdictional statements.

Deficiency in Cause of Action:

The core of a plaint lies in the cause of action. If a plaint fails to articulate a valid cause of action or lacks clarity in establishing the legal basis for the claim, the court might reject it.

Barred by Law or Limitation:

Claims that are time-barred due to exceeding the statutory limitation period are liable for rejection. Similarly, if the law prohibits the claim or if it falls under a category where the court lacks jurisdiction, rejection is inevitable.

Violation of Procedural Rules:

Non-compliance with court orders or procedural rules can also lead to rejection. For instance, failure to adhere to pre-filing requirements mandated by the court or disregarding the court’s directives during the proceedings.

Procedure for Rejection of Plaint:

When a court is inclined to reject a plaint, it follows a prescribed procedure:

Court’s Scrutiny:

Upon receipt of the plaint, the court examines it to ensure compliance with statutory requirements. If the court finds any defects or deficiencies, it may issue a notice to the plaintiff to rectify the same.

Hearing and Submissions:

The court grants the plaintiff an opportunity to address the issues raised regarding the plaint’s deficiencies. The plaintiff can present arguments or make necessary amendments to rectify the defects.

Pronouncement of Order:

After considering the plaintiff’s submissions, if the court finds the plaint still deficient or non-compliant, it pronounces an order rejecting the plaint. The order typically includes reasons for rejection.

Remedies Available Against Rejection of Plaint:


The plaintiff has the right to appeal against the order rejecting the plaint within the stipulated timeframe. The appellate court reviews the case and may uphold or overturn the lower court’s decision.


In certain circumstances, a party may seek revision from the higher court against the order of rejection on grounds of errors in law or procedure.


In some instances, courts may permit the plaintiff to rectify the defects in the plaint and resubmit it for reconsideration.


The rejection of a plaint under the CPC is a crucial stage in civil litigation. It underscores the significance of compliance with procedural formalities and the importance of articulating a valid cause of action. Understanding the grounds and procedures for rejection is essential for litigants to navigate the legal system effectively. While rejection presents a setback, it also offers an opportunity for rectification and pursuing justice through appropriate legal remedies.

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