How to Approach or Read Bare Acts for Judiciary Exams

October 12, 2023

How to Approach or Read Bare Acts for Judiciary Exams: A guide

Preparing for judiciary exams requires a thorough understanding of the law, including the ability to interpret and apply bare acts. Bare acts are the primary sources of legislation and provide the foundational principles upon which legal decisions are made. However, it has been seen that students have an aversion to the bare acts, considering it’s typical language. In this article, we will discuss how to approach and read the Bare Acts effectively and what the ideal approach to reading the Bare Acts should be when approaching the judiciary examinations. More or less every judiciary coaching would suggest that to take the most from a bare act, the following techniques should be adopted:

  1. Familiarize yourself with the structure    

Before diving into the content, it is essential to understand the structure of a bare act. Typically, a bare act consists of sections, sub-sections, clauses, and schedules. Take time to familiarize yourself with this structure, as it will help you navigate through the act and locate relevant provisions more efficiently during the exam.

  •  Begin with the Title and Preamble

The title and preamble of a bare act provide valuable insights into the purpose and scope of the legislation. By reading these, you can gain a preliminary understanding of the act’s intent, which will help you contextualize the subsequent provisions.

 For example, there is a difference between an act and a code. A code like the Code of Criminal Procedure is all         comprehensive; means will be followed for procedure whenever an offense is committed if no special provision has been made; the same is not true with an Act. Therefore, before reading any bare act, try to understand its nature, whether penal (like the Indian Penal Code), reformative (like the Juvenile Justice Act), or welfare (like the Domestic Violence Act). Sometimes even history is asked in the examination about a particular act, so understanding history also sometimes becomes relevant.

Also note things like the year of enactment and the enforcement date, as questions are asked directly from these areas in the preliminary  examination.

  •  Read definitions

 Definitions play a crucial role in interpreting bare acts. They provide clarity on specific terms used throughout the legislation. It is essential to read and understand these definitions thoroughly, as they lay the foundation for comprehending the Act as a whole.

  • Focus on important sections or the whole Act?


The approach to reading a bare act differs for the preliminary and main examinations. Not all sections of a bare act carry equal weight in the main judiciary exams. Therefore, it becomes essential to identify and prioritize the sections that are frequently referred to or have significant legal implications. Judiciary coaching also suggests determining these crucial sections based on past exam patterns and analysis.

However, it is to be noted that it was only for the purpose of the main examination. For a preliminary examination, each and every section holds value, as questions may be asked from any portion. Apart from that, one also has to see the footnotes for major amendments and their dates because the judiciary exams in Rajasthan or Jharkhand contain direct questions from these dates as well.

  • Highlight key phrases and words

While reading a bare act, make it a habit to highlight or underline important phrases and words. This practice helps you quickly locate relevant provisions during the exam and reinforces your understanding of critical concepts.

6. Understand the context

To interpret a bare act accurately, it is crucial to understand the historical and social context in which it was enacted. Familiarize yourself with the background and circumstances that led to the legislation’s creation. This understanding will enable you to appreciate the act’s purpose and objectives better. Also, try to understand the purpose of each and every provision, because whenever the legislature enacts a provision, it has a reason to do so.

7. Cross referencing

Bare acts often refer to other statutes or judicial precedents. For example, the three major criminal laws—IPC, CrPC, and the Evidence Act—are required to be read together. There are various provisions that are required to be interlinked. It is essential to cross-reference these citations to gain a comprehensive understanding of the legal principles involved. Cross-referencing also helps you develop a holistic perspective on the subject matter and its interconnections with other laws. Judiciary coaching helps you acquire the art of interlinking sections.

8. Take notes and summarize

While reading a bare act, maintain a separate notebook to jot down important points, summaries, and case references. This practice will help you consolidate your understanding of the act and create a handy reference tool for revision purposes. Also, you do not need to memorize each and every word of the bare act and replicate the same in your answer copy; instead, you may break those typical sections into smaller parts, simplify the language, and then choose to write in bullets and points.

9. Practice application

A mere reading of bare acts is insufficient for judicial exams. It is crucial to apply the provisions to hypothetical situations and case studies. Solving previous years’ question papers or taking part in mock tests during judiciary coaching in Jaipur will help you develop the necessary skills to analyze and apply the law effectively.

10. Seek guidance and clarification

If you encounter any difficulties or have doubts while reading a bare act, you may seek guidelines or help from judicial coaching. Their insights and explanations can provide valuable clarity and enhance your understanding of complex legal provisions.

Approaching and reading bare acts effectively is a vital skill for individuals preparing for judiciary exams. By following the tips outlined in this article, you can develop a systematic approach to understanding and interpreting bare acts. Remember, practice and perseverance are key to mastering this essential aspect of legal education.

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