February 24, 2024
Statue of Lady Justice

Everybody knows what “judgment,” “decree,” and “order” mean. At the conclusion of every court-adjudicated matter, whether civil or criminal, the judge pronounces a verdict. However, in civil cases, the court also drafts a succinctly written order that clearly outlines the judgment’s overall implications on the parties to the claim and, more specifically, what the victorious party gains.

A civil suit adjudication that determines the parties’ rights regarding all or any of the issues in controversy in the suit is necessary for a court decision to become a decree. Furthermore, the adjudication must have been of a conclusive nature.

Meaning of Decree

  • One of the terminologies used a lot in civil matters is decree.
  • Orders and decrees are the two main parts of the legal proceedings in a courtroom.  Section 2(2) of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, defines the word “decree.”
  • The decree is an appropriate expression of adjudication that the court uses to ascertain the parties’ rights with regard to the subject of disagreement or dispute.
  • It may have anything to do with any or all of the contentious issues raised by the match.

essential elements of decree

The following are a decree’s essential elements:

  • There has to be a decision that is made.
  • An action must be filed to make the decision.
  • The adjudication process is necessary to ascertain the parties’ rights about all or some portion of the contentious issue.
  • Such a decision needs to be definitive.
  • An official declaration of this kind of adjudication is required.

Kinds of decree in cpc

preliminary decree in CPC:

  • In a preliminary decree, the parties’ rights on all or any of the contentious subjects may be decided by the court; yet, the suit is not ultimately dismissed.
  • According to the Civil Procedure Code 1908, a preliminary decree may also be issued in the following lawsuits:
  • Order 20 Rule 12: Possession and Mesne Profit Suit.
  • Order 20 Rule 13: Suits for Administration.
  • Order 20 Rule 14: Pre-emption lawsuits.
  • Order 20 Rule 15: A dissolution of partnership lawsuit was filed.
  • Order 20 Rule 16: lawsuits pertaining to accounts between the agent and principal.
  • Order 20 Rule 18: Partition and distinct possession suit.
  • Order 34 Rule 2: Lawsuits related to mortgage foreclosure.
  • Order 34 Rule 4: Lawsuits related to the mortgaged property’s sale.
  • Order 34 Rule 7: lawsuits seeking a mortgage redemption.

Final Decree in CPC:

  • The term “final decree” refers to the court’s decision to resolve all contentious issues and end the lawsuit.
  • There are two methods to define a final decree as such:
  • After the maximum period for appeals has passed and no appeal against the preliminary decree has been filed, or when the highest court has rendered a decision;
  • When the matter is fully resolved with regard to the court issuing the decree.

Partly Preliminary & Partly Final Decree in CPC:

  • A decree issued in accordance with the Code of Civil Procedure may be partially final and partially preliminary. When a decree consists of both a preliminary and a final decree, this happens.
  • For example: If there is a lawsuit involving the possession of real estate and the question of mesne profit, the court must be involved.
  • It decides who is in possession of the property by passing a decree.
  • It Requests a mesne profit inquiry.

The portion pertaining to the mesne profit is preliminary, while the first element, which determines who owns the land, is definitive.

deemed decree in cpc:

  • Under the Civil Procedure Code, a decree cannot be referred to as such if it does not meet the requirements of Section 2(2).
  • Nonetheless, under the Civil Procedure Code, some orders, such as adjudication under Order 21 Rule 58, Rule 98, and Rule 100, are regarded as presumed decrees.
  • In a similar vein, a presumed decree governs the dismissal of the plaint and the resolution of the restitution question under Section 144.

The Code of Civil Procedure establishes guidelines for declaring and issuing court decisions, and decrees are one of them. a decree that establishes the rights in dispute between the parties to a lawsuit is contained in a court’s ruling. Deeds are frequently classified as either final, preliminary, or partially final. The concept of the presumed edict is also present. In certain aspects, a decree differs from an order or a judgment.

The provisions and method for the implementation of the decree are outlined in Order XXI of the Code. A decree is appealable, and following the initial appeal, a second appeal may be made to the High Court. Only in civil lawsuits is a decree passed; in criminal cases, it is not.

For any latest news, judiciary exams notifications, patterns, etc watch Jyoti Judiciary’s YouTube channel for legal videos for any updates at https://youtube.com/@jyotijudiciarycoaching4852?si=2cwubh9d2A9urwJf

Leave a Comment