December 28, 2023
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In India, becoming a judge is a respectable and fulfilling profession. It calls for a strong sense of justice and a dedication to maintaining the rule of law. In the Indian legal system, judges are essential in ensuring that citizens’ rights are upheld and justice is done. But it’s not an easy path to become a judge in India. It calls for a substantial level of training, education, and commitment.

Who is a Judge?

A judge oversees court cases and renders decisions by using the law. They could be elected or appointed authorities. Judges are experts in the law who protect equity and justice. To their offices, they are elected or appointed. Ensuring impartiality in their verdicts is their responsibility. They are essential to upholding the rule of law and making sure that disagreements are settled properly and equally.

Becoming a Judge: Eligibility Requirements

  • The candidates have to be Indian citizens.
  • It is necessary to have a Bachelor of Law from an Indian university that is recognized or one that was founded by law.
  • To apply, the minimum age to become judge in india must be at least 22 years old; the maximum age is 35.
  • In order to practice in court, applicants must be enrolled as advocates according to the Advocate Act of 1961.

how to become district judge in india

Subordinate courts are the term used to describe district courts. The criteria to become a district judge in India are as follows:

  • A degree in LLB or LLM is required.
  • The state Public Service Commission’s exam must have been passed by him or her.

how to become high court judge in india

State-level courts are called high courts. In India, there are 25 High Courts. The High Courts of India are the highest courts with appellate jurisdiction in each of India’s states and union territories. To become a High Court Judge, you have to meet specific eligibility requirements.

  • You have to be an Indian citizen.
  • You have to be eligible to receive an LLB or LLM degree.
  • You must serve as an advocate for a High Court for ten years or be incarcerated in an Indian judicial office for ten years.

how to become judge of Supreme Court

The Supreme Court, which is housed in New Delhi, is the highest court. No other Indian court has the authority to contest or reverse the Supreme Court’s decision. The specifics of the requirements for becoming a judge on the Supreme Court are given here.

  • An individual must be an Indian citizen in order to serve as a judge on the Supreme Court of India.
  • To be eligible for an LLB or LLM, you had to be
  • You have to have served as a High Court Advocate for at least ten years or as a High Court Judge for at least five years.

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  • Getting a degree in law from an accredited university is the first requirement for becoming a judge in India. In order to pursue a legal degree, a student must pass the entrance exam, such as the CLAT or AILET, and earn at least 50% of the possible points in their 10+2 coursework.
  • After earning a law degree, one must practice law in order to obtain practical experience. A candidate typically needs to have worked as an advocate for at least seven years in order to be eligible for the position of a judge.
  • The state public service commission administers the Judicial Services Examination, which candidates must pass in order to become judges. The purpose of this exam is to assess candidates’ legal knowledge and practical application skills. A selection committee will then interview candidates who pass the exam.
  • The candidate may be appointed as a judge by the state governor, after consulting with the Chief Justice of the High Court, following the successful completion of the Judicial Services Examination and the interview.
  • A judge may be qualified for additional advancement within the legal system upon obtaining judicial experience. For instance, a district judge might advance to the rank of High Court judge, and a judge on the High Court might advance to the rank of Supreme Court judge.

Being a judge is not an easy feat. And that’s probably the reason that so many are interested in giving it a try. Years of training, preparation, and professional experience are required. Many believe that the Indian judiciary system is behind in a number of areas. Students are growing less motivated to pursue this field of study as a result. The possible automation of the litigation ecosystem, which may have an impact on roles ranging from advocates to senior levels, is another contributing reason. However, career planning is a difficult process that involves challenges at every stage of life.

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