February 7, 2024
Statue of Lady Justice

The idea behind the Uniform Civil Code (UCC) is to help create a uniformly organized legislative body that will handle all matters pertaining to the civil laws and personal religious beliefs of all Indian religions. In order to achieve secularism, the UCC will override the personal laws of various religions, races, castes, and other groups by granting uniform personal laws to all religions.

Uniform Civil Code: Core Idea

  • Putting into practice the right to equality guaranteed by Article 14 and the Indian Constitution’s Article 15 ban on discrimination based on race, religion, caste, sex, or place of birth.
  • Removing personal laws that offer a uniform legal framework and are founded on religious principles.
  • Eliminating any kind of discrimination against women may become necessary as a result of the Indian legal system’s insufficient and inconsistent legislation.

The Latest ucc uttarakhand news

  • The final uttarakhand ucc draft has been approved by the Uttarakhand Cabinet, clearing the way for its introduction in the Assembly during an unusual four-day session that starts on 5th February 2024.
  • Chief Minister Pushkar Singh Dhami presided over the Cabinet meeting on 4th February 2024 at his official house. “We approved the proposal to bring the legislation regarding the Uniform Civil Code in the forthcoming Assembly session,” Dhami stated.
  • The purpose of the Assembly session is to pass the UCC legislation and turn it into an Act. The document required to be approved by the Cabinet before it could be introduced in the Assembly.

Contents of the uttarakhand ucc bill

Some of the major contents in the Uttarakhand UCC draft bill are as follows:

  • Equal Rights to Property for Sons as well as Daughters: The Uttarakhand government’s draft Uniform Civil Code law guarantees sons and daughters, irrespective of their category, equal property rights.
  • Elimination of the Difference in Property Rights between Children who are Legitimate and those who are not: The measure seeks to do away with the disparity in property rights between the two groups of children. Every child is acknowledged as the couple’s biological child.
  • Respect for both Biologically Born and Adopted Children: The Uniform Civil Code bill accords equal treatment to children born via assisted reproductive technologies, surrogacy, or adoption on par with other biological children.
  • Equal Rights to Property after Death: The bill gives a person’s spouse and children the same property rights after their death. Equal rights also apply to the parents of the deceased. This is a change from earlier legislation that gave the mother exclusive ownership rights over the deceased’s belongings.

is ucc implemented in uttarakhand?

  • At a meeting presided over by Chief Minister Pushkar Singh Dhami, the state cabinet embraced the draft report of the UCC panel on February 4, 2024, moving Uttarakhand closer to achieving its goal of becoming the first state to implement the Uniform Civil Code (UCC).
  • The committee that prepared the measure reportedly recommended, among other things, that polygamy and child marriage be completely outlawed, that girls of all faiths be married at a similar age, and that divorce grounds and procedures be applied uniformly.
  • The UCC will give all state residents, regardless of religion, a consistent legal foundation for marriage, divorce, land, property, and inheritance laws. If the UCC is put into effect, Uttarakhand will be the first state in the nation to do so following independence.
  • Pushkar Singh Dhami, the chief minister of Uttarakhand, announced that he had obtained the Uniform Civil Code (UCC) report. He declared that the UCC will go into to implementation procedure following an analysis of the report.

Criticism on the Uttarakhand UCC Draft Bill

  • Nonetheless, political parties and religious institutions in Uttarakhand have responded angrily to the draft.
  • In a statement, the Muslim Service Organization expressed opposition to the Uniform Civil Code on the grounds that it violates religious principles.
  • Members of the Muslim community voiced their worries, claiming that laws specific to one faith are being violated.
  • Mufti Rais, the chief imam of Uttarakhand, questioned why the draft of the UCC was not subjected to public review and criticized the government for not enlisting legal experts from other religions in its formulation.
  • In addition, objections were voiced over the code’s omission of tribes, and it is believed that exclusively Muslim personal law has been targeted.

India is a country where the rule of law is supreme, meaning that no other element can be dominant. Nevertheless, because of people’s diverse personal views, the rule of religion and the rule of law intersect, necessitating government action.

The ideal piece of legislation to restore secularism as well as uniformity in personal or civil laws within the Indian legal system is the Uniform Civil Code. The misperception of those opposed to the government’s mandatory implementation of UCC is at the root of the issue.

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