Contents of FIR

March 18, 2023

It needs not contain each and every minute incident that occurred either prior to or subsequent to an offence. FIR is neither Magna Carta nor encyclopadeia nor chronicle of the exhaustive details of the occurrence, nor catalogue of every minute particulars of the event. What Section 154 requires is an information as to commission of a cognizable offence to set the investigation machinery into action. It was held in Gurpreet Singh v. State of Punjab, 2006 CrLJ 126 (SC), that Section 154 requires only the substance of information received to be mentioned in the daily diary and the same cannot be said to be the repository of every factum. Therefore, mere non-disclosure of the names of witnesses in the daily diary as well as mortuary register, ipso facto cannot affect the prosecution case, more so when their names have been disclosed in the FIR itself.

Who can lodge the FIR:

FIR can come from any quarter. Every citizen has a right to set machinery of the criminal law in motion and to bring the offender to book. In other words, locus standi of the complainant is a concept foreign or alien to criminal jurisprudence. It need not be lodged by the Victim or by the eye-witness alone. It is also not necessary that the information has personal knowledge of the incident. Even an anonymous letter sent reporting a cognizable offence may be treated as FIR. If you want to be a judicial officer and are looking for judiciary coaching in Jaipur, here, at Jyoti Judiciary we provide comprehensive study material to make your preparation solidified and topnotch. From preliminary mock tests, to mains answer writing sessions every material required for clearing the exam is provided. We have separate legal current affairs classes, legal general knowledge, current affairs classes all in one time enrolment. Hurry up.

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