April 17, 2024

The cornerstone of the Indian criminal justice system is the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), which defines the procedures involved in trials, investigations, and other proceedings in courts. Any legal system’s main objective ought to be to uphold the ideals of justice and guarantee fair trials.

Trial under CrPC

  • Searching for the truth is similar to a trial. Everyone engaged faces a variety of obstacles and contradicting evidence as they attempt to put together the true events of the past.
  • The trial in crpc serves as a means of reconstructing the prior incident in order to ascertain “what had really happened.”
  • The Criminal Procedure Code doesn’t define the term “trial,” although it commonly refers to the phase that begins with the filing of the charge and ends with either an acquittal or a conviction.

trial under crpc: Types

  • Session Trial: The sessions trial crpc takes place in the Court of Session if the offense involves a sentence of more than seven years in jail, life in prison, or the death penalty. The magistrate forwards the case to this court (Criminal Procedure Code, 1973, Sec. 225-237).
  • Warrant Trial: Crimes that carry the death penalty, life in prison, or a sentence longer than two years are the subject of warrant cases. A warrant trial crpc begins when an FIR is filed at a police station or when it is submitted to a magistrate.
  • Summons Trial: A summons case is any offense that carries a sentence of less than two years in prison. It is not necessary to file charges for these offenses. Rather, in accordance with the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973, Section 204(1)(a), the offender receives a summons from the magistrate. The Criminal Procedure Code of 1973, Sections 251-259, describes the process by which magistrates will try matters involving summonses. When compared to other studies, this process is not as stringent.
  • Summary Trial: summary trial crpc, which are usually used in lesser matters, are distinguished by the prompt resolution of cases through a certain process. Warrant and summons trials are usually reserved for complex matters. The Criminal Procedure Code, 1973, Sections 260-265 contain the legal guidelines for summary trials.

trial procedure under crpc     

The trial procedure under crpc are as follows:

Session Trial:

  • The Public Prosecutor is responsible for handling prosecutions in cases where the trial is held before the Session Court, as stated in Section 225 of the Criminal Procedure Code of 1973.
  • According to Section 226 of the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973, the public prosecutor must begin his case by outlining the accusations against the accused and providing supporting documentation to establish the accused’s guilt.
  • Section 227, gives the court the authority to release an accused person if, after reviewing the evidence and records presented against the accused and hearing from both the prosecution and the accused, the judge determines that there are insufficient reasons to press charges against the accused.
  • According to Section 229, an accused person may enter a guilty plea in front of the court, and the court may then decide to convict the accused person on its own.
  • Any witness may be recalled for additional cross-examination or have their cross-examination postponed under Section 231(2) of the Criminal Procedure Code of 1973.
  • According to Section 232 of the Criminal Procedure Code of 1973, an accused person may be found not guilty if the court, after hearing from both sides and weighing all available evidence, determines that there isn’t a single piece of evidence that establishes the accused person’s guilt.
  • Following the hearing of arguments, a court is required by Section 235 to render a decision. An accused person could be found guilty or not. The conviction penalty will be handed down by a court in compliance with the law.

Warrant Trial:

  • The procedure for a warrant case begins with the police station’s filing of a First Information Report (FIR) from Sections 238-243. The magistrate receives a report from the police regarding their investigation into this matter.
  • The guilty party is then either brought before the magistrate or shows up on purpose, and the magistrate then assists with the legal procedures.
  • An alternate course of action would be to file the protest directly with the magistrate in order to begin legal proceedings against the offender.

Summons Trial:

  • According to section 251, the accused is asked whether he enters a guilty or not plea based on the materials that have been used to indict him, and the accused is required to provide such materials to the magistrate
  • Section 252 specifies the provision to be followed if the accused enters a guilty plea, and Section 253 states the provision to be followed where the accused has entered a guilty plea through a messenger
  • If the accused does not enter a plea of guilty, the process outlined in section 254 is followed
  • A judgment is rendered via section 255 based on the proceedings. The complainant may also withdraw his complaint before the case is concluded if the magistrate is satisfied that the case may be withdrawn.
  • Section 259 gives the Court the authority to convert a summons case into a warrant case.

Summary Trial:

  • Sections 260 and 261 give a court the authority to try a case summarily, and section 261 specifies the circumstances under which a Second-Class Magistrate may hold a summary trial.
  • Section 262 addresses the process that must be followed in a summary trial, which is nearly identical to a summons trial.
  • Section 263 mandates the recording of statements.
  • Section 264 requires the Magistrate to record the evidence and give a brief statement of it while rendering a judgment.
  • Section 265 stipulates that the language used for recording must be the language of the Court.

The idea of ” trial crpc,” is very important to understand for anyone working in the legal field. The numerous offenses and penalties under the Indian criminal code have undergone significant modification, and as time goes on, new ideas will undoubtedly be investigated and added. 

Trial under CrPC FAQs     

  1. What are the provisions of trial under CrPC?

The magistrates’ trial process in warrant matters is governed by sections 238–250. Sections 251-259 set down the process by which magistrates must try matters involving summonses. There are provisions for summary trials under Sections 260–265.

  • What are the 4 types of trial classified under CrPC?

As everyone knows, there are four different trial types prescribed by the 1973 Code of Criminal Procedure for deciding criminal cases.  Summary trial, Summons trial, warrant trial, and sessions trial.

  • What is the procedure of trial?

charges, evidence from the prosecution, the accused’s statement, evidence from the defense, closing arguments, and the verdict are all part of the court proceedings.

  • What is the difference between summary trial and regular trial?

While thorough recording of the evidence is required in regular trials, it is not required in summary cases, where the essence of the evidence is sufficient.

  • Why is trial important in CrPC?

This procedure preserves the idea of due process, protects the accused’s rights, and offers a neutral platform for decision-making. In addition, it supports public safety and the rule of law by addressing and deterring significant crimes.

  • What is summary trial in CrPC?

One method for quickly resolving some kinds of criminal matters is a summary trial. Chapter XXI and Sections 260-265 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) regulate it. They have been carried out for offenses that have a maximum term of two years in prison, a fine only, or both.

  • Which coaching is best for judiciary?

Jyoti Judiciary Coaching offers Jaipur’s best judiciary coaching services. The objective is to create a comfortable learning environment for the students. It makes the difficult task seem easy, which increases the likelihood of achieving the desired outcome. The objective at Jyoti Judiciary is to give students the best possible education possible. The Institute pledges to use every resource at its disposal to provide you with the finest preparation for the Judicial Services entrance examinations.

  •  Which coaching is best for RJS preparation?

“Jyoti Judiciary Coaching” is a reputable coaching program in Jaipur that helps prepare students for the RJS exam. The finest online and offline RJS coaching program in Jaipur, Jyoti Judiciary, enables a methodical approach to preparing for the RJS examination. Their curriculum has been carefully designed to cover all the subjects and courses necessary for passing the Rajasthan Judicial Services Exams.

With the goal of giving students the best coaching available for law entrance exams including the CLAT, AILET, and various other numerous state judiciary exams, Jyoti Judiciary Coaching, India’s Finest educational Platform, was established. Come enrol now with Jyoti Judiciary!

For any latest news, legal topics, judiciary exams notifications, patterns, etc watch Jyoti Judiciary’s YouTube channel for legal videos for any updates at

Leave a Comment