May 4, 2024

The pursuit of justice in the field of law is severely impeded by the disappearance of evidence or the widespread dissemination of misleading information. IPC Section 201 addresses the problem head-on by outlining the penalties for individuals who commit such crimes. But this statute’s consequences go far deeper than the law; they also impact the moral and societal consequences of falsifying information and stating the truth.

IPC Section 201

  • ipc section 201: Making evidence of an offense disappear or providing a screen offender with false information.
  • The two components of this section are the fabrication of information in order to shield the perpetrator from prosecution and the disappearance of evidence.
  • For example: Acknowledging that B has killed Z, A helps B hide the body to keep B out of trouble. As a result, A is fined and sentenced to seven years in prison.     

false information Primary Requirements: Section 201 IPC

There are two parts to this section. Disappearing evidence is the first, and giving misleading information about the crime is the second. The following two requirements are necessary for the aforementioned ipc 201 section offenses:

  • The accused should have had knowledge of or reason to suspect that an offense had been committed.
  • He should also have provided false information or caused evidence of the offense to vanish.

For a conviction under this section, the prosecution must establish the two prerequisite factors listed above.

section 201 ipc punishment

The Section specifies the severity of the penalty in relation to the seriousness of the offense committed. The following sequence is in which they are listed:

  • If the perpetrator commits a capital offense, they may also be fined and imprisoned for up to seven years.
  • If the perpetrator commits a crime that carries a life sentence, they may also be fined and imprisoned for up to three years.
  • If the offender commits an offense that carries a sentence of less than ten years in prison, they may be fined, imprisoned for a term up to one-fourth of the maximum term of imprisonment specified for the offense, or both.

false information under IPC Section 201: Case Rulings

  • In the case of Harbans Lal v The State, the prosecution was able to establish the accused’s intention to shield the offender from punishment, but this was the only element proven based on the case’s facts. As a result, the accused was found not guilty of the act of removing the body from and hanging it on the tree due to the fact that this act was insufficient to erase the evidence of murder.

In addition to demonstrating the necessary component of intention, the prosecution must demonstrate that the accused knew the offense had already been committed.

  • In the case of Kodali Puranchandra Rao and Another v Public Prosecutor, where a police investigation officer was accused of providing false information to higher authorities at the time of reporting, in violation of section 201 IPC. In the case’s factual basis, three dead bodies were discovered in a river and a lake. The investigating officer created a narrative in which the prostitutes were raped before committing suicide, but the investigation was flawed and did not even include a postmortem.

In addition, the court ordered the prosecution to prove the case beyond a reasonable doubt in order to overturn the case’s findings. This means that the prosecution must demonstrate that the offence was committed, that the accused, in this case, the investigating officer, had reason to believe or know that the offence had been committed, that the accused had provided evidence that he believed to be false evidence, and that the accused had the intention of avoiding punishment in particular.

Section 201 IPC: Its Importance

  • This provision acts as a disincentive to falsify information and tamper with evidence in order to shield wrongdoers.
  • People are deterred from participating in such acts and impeding the administration of justice by the severe penalties.

Section 201 of the Indian Penal Code is an essential tool in a legal system where the preservation of evidence and the prevention of people providing misleading information to impede the legal process is of utmost importance. For individuals who might be considering similar crimes, the seriousness of the sentence under this provision serves as a harsh warning. It essentially serves to uphold the legal concepts of accountability and justice.

IPC Section 201 FAQs

  1. What are the essentials of Section 201 IPC?

Anyone who, while aware that an offense has been committed, obliterates the proof of the offense or provides false information to shield the perpetrator from prosecution is subject to penalty under Section 201. “Attempts to impede the course of justice” are punishable under Section 201.

  • Is Section 201 Compoundable?

This section is subject to bail based on the cognizable or non-cognizable as well as non-compoundable nature of the offense that results in the loss of evidence.

  • How do I prove IPC 201?

Anyone who disseminates information about an offense that they know or believe to be false, or who, knowing or having reason to believe that an offense has been committed, aims to conceal any evidence of the offense’s commission in order to shield the perpetrator from punishment.

  • What is the punishment for IPC 201?

If the crime carries a life sentence or a maximum of ten years in jail, the maximum punishment is three years in prison plus a fine. For offenses carrying a sentence of less than 10 years in jail, the penalty could be a fine, a lesser sentence in prison, or both.

  • What is false evidence in IPC?

Within the meaning of this section is a false statement about the attesting party’s beliefs. It is possible for someone to give false evidence by claiming to know something that they do not know or to believe something that they do not believe.

  • Is IPC 201 bailable?

Even though a case under Section 201 IPC may be tried in a Court of Sessions, it is a bailable offense. The petitioner and accused parties are entitled to bail.

  • What is the IPC for hiding evidence?

The evidence of the offense to vanish or providing the screen offender with misleading information. The two components of this section are the fabrication of information in order to shield the perpetrator from prosecution and the disappearance of evidence.

  • What is called false evidence?

Evidence that is illegally produced with the intention of affecting a court case’s outcome is referred to as falsified evidence. It is also known as tainted or falsified evidence.

  • Which Online rjs coaching is best for RJS preparation?

The reputable Jaipur Online rjs coaching program “Jyoti Judiciary Coaching” aids students in getting ready for the RJS exam. A systematic approach to RJS test preparation is made possible by Jyoti Judiciary, the top offline and online RJS coaching program in Jaipur. Their curriculum has been carefully designed to cover all the subjects and courses required for passing the Rajasthan Judicial Service Examinations.

  1. Which coaching is best for judiciary?

The most effective judiciary coaching in Jaipur is provided by Jyoti Judiciary Coaching. The objective is to create a comfortable learning environment for the students. It makes the difficult task seem easy, which increases the likelihood of achieving the desired outcome. The objective at Jyoti Judiciary is to give students the best possible education possible. The Institute pledges to use every resource at its disposal to provide you with the finest preparation for the Judicial Services entrance examinations.

With the goal of giving students the best coaching available for law entrance exams including the CLAT, AILET, and various other numerous state judiciary exams, Jyoti Judiciary Coaching, India’s Finest educational Platform, was established. Come enrol now with Jyoti Judiciary!

For any latest news, legal topics, judiciary exams notifications, patterns, etc watch Jyoti Judiciary’s YouTube channel for legal videos for any updates at

Leave a Comment